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The Ghana Center for Democratic Development (CDD-Ghana) and the NorGlobal Network, have hosted Ghanaian
scholars and practitioners in the field of democracy and governance to share insights on the political, economic and
social threats to democracy in the country.
Dubbed Breaking Backlash Against Democracy (Breaking BAD), the workshop provided the platform for
stakeholders to discuss the manifestations and dimensions of democratic backlash in Africa with regard to what
rights are being restricted, when and how these restrictions take place, as well as the response strategies adopted
by both domestic and international actors.
The Breaking BAD project is spearheaded by the NorGlobal Network, a team of scholars and researchers from
Europe and North America. The project aims to develop empirical basis for understanding the scope, causes,
responses to and effects of the backlash against democracy across Africa over the past decade. Using qualitative
and quantitative analysis of data and case studies in six countries – Ghana, Zambia, Malawi, Kenya, Zimbabwe
and Tanzania – the team seeks to decompose democratic rights along four dimensions: contestation rights,
participatory rights, judicial independence and gender rights.
According to Lise Rakner, Principal Investigator and Professor at the University of Bergen, although African
countries are adopting legal restrictions on key civil and political rights that form the basis of democratic rule, there
is little or no discussions to systematically and comprehensively understand the scope, causes and effects of the
different types of restrictions, including political and social restrictions.
“There is a very strong sense in the world that maybe Africa is not democratic and that is what worries some of us
a lot,” she said. “But I also think that we do not really know exactly what dimensions of democracy are necessarily
in place and why.”
Dr Franklin Oduro, Deputy Executive Director, CDD-Ghana, also said “despite Ghana’s deepening democracy,
there are still formidable issues that risk offsetting the strides made. CDD-Ghana is, thus, honoured to support such
initiative that promises to help mitigate threats to democratic governance in the country.”
Participants for the workshop in Accra were drawn from civil society, media, the academia and other relevant state
institutions. Findings from the Breaking BAD project are expected to help enhance civil and political rights and
prevent democratic backlash.