ELECTION 2020: Close of polls statement by CODEO

The Coalition of Domestic Election Observers (CODEO), has released a close of poll statement a few hours after the Electoral Commission drew the curtain down on the voting exercise.

Find below a full statement of the statement.


Monday, December 7, 2020

Accra, Ghana  


In the mid-day situational report, CODEO presented to the general public its findings on the set-up, the opening of polling stations, and few incidences received from 1,499 out of the 1,502 PVT Observers (i.e., 99.8%) located in all 275 constituencies in the 16 regions of the country as of 1:00 PM today (i.e., Election Day). Based on these findings, CODEO confidently confirmed that the arrangements put in place by the EC for the setup and opening of polls were adequate for most polling stations.

This close of polls statement focuses mainly on the voting process, and a number of incidents received from 1,486 out of the 1,502 PVT Observers (i.e., 98.9%) located in all 275 constituencies in the 16 regions of the country as at 7:00PM today (i.e., Election Day).


Voting Process

  • CODEO observers in 9% of polling stations reported that election officials validated (i.e.

stamped) ballot papers before they were issued to voters.


  • At 4% of polling stations, no unauthorized persons were allowed to be present during voting.


  • The biometric verification machines worked perfectly in 9% of polling stations. However, the machines failed to function properly at some point in time in 10.1% of polling stations.


  • No major incident of harassment and intimidation of voters or polling officials was recorded at

97.2% of polling stations.


  • Social distancing and handwashing were strictly enforced in 5% and 92.9%, respectively, of the polling stations.


  • In almost all polling stations (0%), the fingers of voters were systematically marked with indelible ink.


  • At 3% of polling stations, a few (1 to 5), some (6 to 15) or many (16 or more) voters did not wear face masks. CODEO observers in 54.7% of polling stations, however, reported that voters wore face masks. Indeed, election officials in 16.4% of polling stations turned away a few (1 to 5), some (6 to 15) or many (16 or more) voters who were not wearing face masks.


  • Overall, 3% of CODEO observers described problems that may have occurred during the voting process as minor, 0.6% describe such problems as major, while 52.2% did not witness any problem at their assigned polling stations.

Reported Incidents `

As at 7:00PM, CODEO had recorded 235 cases of various incidents from all the 4,000 polling stations where it deployed observers. The top five of these reported incidents are intimidation/harassment; violation of COVID-19 health and safety protocols; violence of various kinds; unauthorized persons at polling stations; and malfunctioning of biometric devices.

CODEO releases polling day observation situational report
CODEO releases polling day observation situational report


Types of incidents No. of cases
Intimidation or harassment 43
Violation of COVID-19 health and safety protocols 40
Violence 25
Unauthorised person in polling station 24
Biometric verification device not functioning properly 21
Voting or counting suspended 16
Polling station did not open or opened very late 9
Polling station ran out of materials 8
Violations of voting or counting procedures 6
Destruction or stealing of election materials 4
Eligible voters not permitted to vote 4
Vote buying/bribery 4
Ineligible persons allowed to vote 2
Ballot box stuffing 1
Over-voting 1
Polling station closed before 5:00 pm 1
Other incidents 26
Total 235

READ ALSO: John Mahama leads Nana Akufo addo by 47 votes at the Ayawaso West Waguon Polling station

Examples of incidents reported are as follows:


Violence and arrest of CODEO observer

  • Ahafo o At the Open Space Cocoa Shed Polling Station in Kassem in the Asutifi South Counstituency in the Ahafo Region, unauthorized persons burnt the ballot papers just before counting began around 6:00PM. The security agency was called in and they made some arrest. Unfortunately, the CODEO observer stationed at that polling station  got arrested andis currently in Police custody at Goaso Police Command.


  • Ashanti o At Temp Booth Anomangye Pole Ase, Suame, a reported brawl between a supporter of the incumbent MP and that of the independent candidate  resulted in a fight, which disrupted electoral process for some minutes. The issue was resolved by security reinforcement.


  • Central o Steps to Christ Polling station, Awutu Senya East Constituency: Confirmed gun shots at polling station resulting in a journalist being injured.



  • Ashanti o In Just Love International School, Abankrom 1, in Obuasi West constituency, the NDC observers intimidated the Presiding Officer in the quest to interrogate why the polling officer of made the party agents stand at a far distance. They threatened the officer and there was an argument for some minutes. However, the polling officer called for reinforcement from the security taskforce and they came in to resolve the issue. The voting process was halted for a few minutes and resumed.


Violation of Covid-19 Protocols

  • Eastern, Greater Accra, Savannah, & North East o Voters at Anglican Church, Ogome 1, at Yilo Krobo Constituency, L/A Primary School, Mamekrobo East 2 at Afram Plains South Constituency, Accra High Secondary School (Station A) at Klottey Korle Constituency, Almanara Primary School 1 at Damongo Constituency, and M/A Primary School Kpatinga at Nalerigu / Gambaga Constituency were not adhering to the social distancing protocols.


Other Incidents

  • Ahafo o At Temporal Booth Yamfo 1, Tano North, at 11:47AM the ballot issuer (who happens to be a lady) was caught hiding three stamped ballot papers. The voters present broke into the cordoned area the EC has created and beat her up. The incident lasted for about 30 minutes, disrupting the voting process. About 15 voters were present in the queue when this incident occurred. The ballot issuer was arrested alongside a voter who was harassing a soldier.


  • Ashanti o At Baaba Latif Polling station at new Zongo, Asawase Constituency in the Ashanti a young man in possession of thumb printed ballot papers was caught by the EC officials and handed over to the police.


  • Greater Accra o At Orion Cinema, Klottey Korle Constituency in the Greater Accra Region, the EC officials caught a lady, with thumb printed ballot papers hidden in her underwear, and handed her over to the Police.


CODEO is continuing to observe the counting of ballots at polling stations, constituency and national collation centers. CODEO continues to receive information on vote count from its nationally deployed observers and will update the public on new and additional information it receives from its PVT observers. Also, CODEO will be releasing a more detailed preliminary statement on the conduct of the elections as occurred on Monday, December 7, 2020.

In the meantime, CODEO urgently calls on the Election Security Taskforce, particularly the Ahafo Regional Command to facilitate the speedy processing of the CODEO observer so he can quickly be released to complete his observation assignment.

CODEO also appeals to all Ghanaians to continue to remain calm, be law-abiding, continue to respect the COVID-19 safety protocols, and be measured in their reaction to results being announced from the polling stations, constituency and the national collation centers. Ghana needs each and everyone alive.

Thank you

 Mr. Albert Arhin 

CODEO National Coordinator 

Phone: +233 (0) 24 474 6791 / (0) 20 822 1068 

Secretariat: +233 (0) 244 350 266/ 0277 744 777 

(For and on Behalf of the Advisory Board)

CODEO Secretariat, Monday, December 7, 2020





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